Automotive lightweighting outpacing joining advancements 20 April 2018

Advanced material combinations are being developed to meet aggressive CAFE Standards and ACEA Agreements. However, the requirements for advanced material combinations is outpacing joining advancements.

An example is traditional resistance spot welding, which is limited in joining mixed material combinations – requiring new joining technologies that are higher cost while offering lower manufacturing flexibility.

Additionally, the trend for joining advanced aluminium to itself, and ultra-high strength steel, is limited by the formability required for mechanical fastening. As these material classes become mainstream, new joining methods must be developed, commercialised, and validated. Any new technology will need to balance capital and consumable costs while maintaining the flexibility to manufacture both legacy and new material combinations.

Welding and fastening expertise yields RSR™
The ideal, most economical joining technology in a mixed material world, would seemingly be some hybrid of welding and mechanical fastening. It is cheap and easy to spot weld steel and aluminium within their material families, and effective but complicated to mechanically fasten across material families, so why not take the best characteristics of these two schools of thought and combine them? Mixed material welding specialists at the Arconic Technical Center and mechanical fastening engineers at Arconic Fastening Systems and Rings have collaborated to this end – to develop the all new Resistance Spot Rivet™.

The Resistance Spot Rivet (RSR™) is a consumable fastener that is fed to a steel spot welding station to allow it to now perform mixed material welds. This RSR weld yields higher strengths than traditional spot welds of the materials themselves, with the flexibility to join nearly any combination of steel and aluminium sheets or extrusions a vehicle designer may need.

RSR upgrades and empowers existing capital
Rather than gutting stamping and spot welding cells to replace them with drilling, assembling, and joining cells, RSR is a small addition that can be made to spot welding guns, while still allowing for backwards compatibility to steel spot welding. When sheets are fed to the upgraded welder, an RSR is dispensed through the added feed system to become part of the weld.

The rivets are available in both steel and aluminium to match the bottom sheet(s) in the joint; the primary target of the weld process. A wide range of top sheets can be accommodated with the RSR joining process, including painted and non-metallic materials, and a wide range of sheet thicknesses, with only a handful of rivet part numbers. The joints are weight and cost favourable to blind riveting and flow drill screw joining, and are even compatible with adhesive layers in the joints.

Arconic explains: “If a customer can spot weld a location in a steel structure today, they can RSR that location with mixed material architecture tomorrow, with higher strength, and better adhesive compatibility.”


Will Lowry Editor t: +44 (0) 1727 814 509


Will joined Fastener + Fixing Magazine in 2007 and over the last 12 years has experienced every facet of the fastener sector - interviewing key figures within the industry and visiting leading companies and exhibitions around the globe.

Will manages the content strategy across all platforms and is the guardian for the high editorial standards that the Magazine is renowned.